Many business taxpayers fail to deduct otherwise eligible business expenses or fail to deduct qualifying business expenses fully. As a result, millions of dollars are overpaid to the Internal Revenue Service every year. Below is a listing of commonly missed deductions or deductions that you may not be fully utilizing. You may wish to carefully examine your records to determine if you may be missing any of these deductions.
[DELETE THIS PARAGRAPH FOR TAXPAYERS NOT FILING SCHEDULE C] Home Office Deduction: If you use part of your home as a home office, you may be entitled to deduct expenses related to the home office based on the percentage of square footage the home office occupies. Related expenses include mortgage interest, property taxes, utilities, and repairs, etc.
- General Business Expenses: If you use your personal funds for business expenses such as office supplies, these are qualifying business expenses, which you may deduct.
- [DELETE THIS PARAGRAPH FOR TAXPAYERS NOT REPORTING SHAREHOLDER LOANS] Imputed Interest on Shareholder Loans: If you have loaned money to your business, you are required to charge interest on the loan, or interest will be imputed to you. While you are required to report the interest as income on your personal return, your business is permitted a deduction for the interest paid. If any of the interest amounts are improperly characterized as wage income, your business may be overstating its employment tax liability. By recharacterizing these amounts as interest expense, your business may be able to reduce its employment taxes and possibly obtain a refund.
- Meal Expenses: Business meal expenses that you pay with your personal funds may qualify as a business deduction, subject to limitations.
- Personal Assets Converted to Business Use: If you have contributed personal assets, such as a computer, the fair market value of these assets qualify as a business deduction, subject to depreciation limitations, beginning with the date of conversion.
- [DELETE THIS PARAGRAPH FOR TAXPAYERS WHO ARE NOT SELF-EMPLOYED] Self-Employed Health Insurance: As a self-employed taxpayer, you may deduct 100 percent of health insurance premiums for you, your spouse, and your children. The deduction may also include eligible long-term care premiums for a long-term care insurance contract.
- Communications Expenses: Expenses related to the business use of your personal telephones, cellular phones, and internet connections may be deducted.
- Automobile Expenses: Mileage and other related automobile expenses may be deducted when your personal vehicle is used for business purposes.
Note that miscellaneous itemized deductions subject to the two-percent-of-AGI limit are temporarily repealed for tax years beginning after 2017 and before 2026.
If, after examining your records, you feel that you have missed some qualifying business deductions or if you have any questions about your business deductions or whether certain expenses qualify as business deductions, please contact our office at your convenience.